TRM Research

• Preliminary quantitative and qualitative feedback was obtained following a 6 week TRM
   program for a community group of cancer survivors.
• 6 weeks after a TRM group participants reported a positive increase in vigour-activity, 
   mindful awareness, social connectedness, and a decrease in depression, anxiety, and total
   mood disturbance.
• Subjective feedback indicated that TRM was a positive experience that participants
   would highly recommend to other cancer survivors. Benefits reported included increased
   vitality, enhanced coping skills, renewed sense of joy, and a strong sense of bonding with
   other group members.
• Testimonials from participants included:

"My overall experience was one of liberation, empowerment, attachment and fun. The bonding with the other participants was something I have not experienced in any other training or workshop I have participated in."

"This has really been one of the most enlightening and touching experiences of my life."

"This workshop is as essential to healing as treatments such as surgery, chemo and radiation. It should be a part of all cancer centres’ programs."

TRM Research

• A facilitator training program has been developed which includes a 5 day professional
   training, 80 page manual to guide the facilitator step by step through the TRM program,
   and ongoing supervision by the developer of TRM
• Research funding is currently being investigated to test the fidelity of the training
   program in a collaborative effort between oncology researchers at University Health
   Network and Thunder Bay Regional Health Services.
• Through the use of telehealth services, facilitators across Ontario will be trained, which
   ultimately will allow more cancer survivors to benefit from the TRM program.
• Significant interest and excitement has been generated from various cancer centers
   across Ontario, to have their health professionals train in the TRM facilitator training
   program so that their cancer community can benefit from the program.

TRM Research

• Drumming and rhythm-making has been used in indigenous cultures to reduce disease
  and increase harmony with one’s self, community, and nature (Clottey, 2004; Diamond,
• Recent research has demonstrated that group drumming has beneficial effects for reducing
  mood disturbances, stress, fatigue, and burnout, and for improving immune function in
  healthy subjects.

Particular studies include:

• Drumming Strengthens the Immune System: Composite Effects of Group Drumming Music
  Therapy on Modulation of Neuroendocrine-Immune Parameters in Normal Subjects (2001)
  Bittman, B., Berk LS, Felten DL,Westengard J,Simonton OD,Pappas J,Ninehouser M.
  Alternative Ther Health Med 2001: 7:38-47 *

• Drumming Improves Mood States and Reduces Burnout: Recreational Music-Making:
  A Cost-Effective Group Interdisciplinary Strategy for Reducing Burnout and Improving Mood
  States in Long-Term Care Workers (2003) Bittman. B., Bruhn, K. T., , Stevens, C. Westengard,
  J., & Umbach, P.O. Advances in Mind-Body Medicine Fall/Winter 2003, Vol. 19 No. ¾*

• Drumming Retains Students: Mood Improvement & Burnout Reduction Recreational
  Music-Making: An Integrative Group Intervention for Reducing Burnout and Improving Mood
  States in First Year Associate Degree Nursing Students: Insights and Economic Impact (2004).
  Bittman B., Snyder, C., Bruhn, K.T., Liebfried, F, RN Stevens., C. K., Westengard, J., Umbach
  P.O. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship: Vol. 1: No. 1, Article 12

• Music Making Reverses Stress on the Genomic Level Recreational Music-Making Modulates
  the Human Stress Response: A Preliminary Individualized Gene Expression Strategy. (2005)
  Bittman, B., Berk, L., Shannon, M., Sharaf, M., Westengard, J., Guegler, K.J., and Ruff, D.W.
  Medical Science Monitor, February 2005 individualized human biological stress responses on
  an unprecedented level.*

• Drumming Builds Social and Emotional Skills for Middle School Students: The Impact of Group
  Drumming on Social-Emotional Behavior in Low-Income Children (2010), Evidence-based
  Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM), July, 2010. Ho et al.

• Drumming improves Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms for Soldiers. Drumming
  through trauma: Music therapy with post-traumatic soldiers (2008). Bensimon, M., Amir, D., &
  Wolf. Y. The Arts in Psychotherapy 35 (2008) 34–48 *

Detailed studies can be found at